холодный звонок (self_made_man2) wrote,
холодный звонок
self_made_man2

The story of the Aral Sea

A message form Life co-author Helen Stephenson

I remember reading about the Aral Sea a long time ago. I think it was one of the first environmental stories that had an impact on me. Since I first read about it, there have been twists and turns in the story, which these three short news items from the National Geographic news page explain.
April 2010. One sunday afternoon in Kazakhstan last August, three dozen fishermen met near the shore of the North Aral Sea. They brought food to eat and they had races and throwing contests. Afterwards, they relaxed telling stories and singing songs about the Aral Sea and fishing and how much they loved both of these things. For many years before this, there had been no reason to celebrate. The Aral Sea in Central Asia, once the fourth largest lake in the world, had shrunk because of irrigation and drought. Then in 2005, the Kazakh government and the World Bank constructed a dam that separated the northern and southern parts of the sea, allowing the northern part of the Aral Sea to start recover. There are fish in the water again and for the past four years, fishermen have come here to celebrate. {hili[ Micklin is a scientist who has been studying the sea since the 1980s. 'Nature can come back.' he says.

October 2014. Satellite images released this week show that the eastern part of the Aral Sea is completely dry. 'It is likely the first time it has completely dried up in 600 years,' said expert Philip Micklin. The Aral Sea once recovered 67,300 square kilometres. It's actually a freshwater lake, not a saltwater sea. since two of Central Asia's biggest rivers, the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya, flow into it. The Aral Sea used to be a busy place. It provided work for 40,000 people and supplied the Soviet Union with a sixth of its fish. As the lake dried up, it separated into several small lakes which together were only a tenth of the lake's original size. The eastern part nearly dried up in 2009, but it recovered in 2010 after substantial rainfall. Now, it's completely dry.

June 2015. Yusup Kamalov, a scientist from Uzbekistan, is my guide. We're standing looking at a vast desert. Except that it's not like any other desert - there are abandoned fishing boats lying on the sand. Fifty years ago, the southern shore of the Aral Sea was right where we stand. Now it is 80 kilometres away to the northwest and we set off to drive to the water's edge. On the way, we pass oil and natural gas rigs standing on the sand. 'Each year a few more are put up,' says Kamalov. 'Can you imagine,' he says, 'that 40 years ago the water was 30 metres deep right here? Eventually, we see a silver line sparkling on the horizon. We reach the water and I try to swim - but the water is so salty I just float on the surface. And with 110 grams of salt per litre of water (compared to about 35 grams in the world's oceans), no fish are able to survive here. 'This is what the end of the world looks like,' says Kamalov.
Tags: toefl
Subscribe

Recent Posts from This Journal

  • The Creators of Grammar

    No student of a foreign language needs to be told that grammar is complex. By changing word sequences and by adding a range of auxiliary verbs and…

  • Old new towns

    Where would you look for inspiration if you were planning a new town? If you are Prince Charles or the Shanghai Planning Commision, the past would…

  • Living free?

    The Hadza hunter-gatherers of Tanzania live a life that has not changed much in over ten thousand years. They have no crops, no livestock, no…

  • Sea gypsies of Myanmar

    We had bbeen travelling for a few hours when on the horizon we spotted the group of small hand-built boats, called kabang. The Moken are wary of…

  • The paper architect

    For a long time, Zaha Hadid was known as "the paper architect', someone whose grand designs never left the page to become real buildings. But in…

  • Robert Capa

    Robert Capa is a name that has for many years been synonimous with war photograhpy. Born in Hungary in 1913 as Friedmann Endre Erno, Capa was…

  • Face Recognition in Babies

    Controersy exists over whether newborn infants possess an innate ability to perceive facial features, or alternatively that they learn to recognize…

  • Caffeine Extraction Methods (TOEFL text)

    caffeine is a naturally occuring compound found in the nuts, seeds, and leaves of over sixty plants. When it is extracted from these plants, it is…

  • блок №1 как средство, которое надо и убирать и дрессировать

    Что-то мне мешает печатать мою книгу. Может отсутствие интеллекта, или лень или ломка образа жизни, инерционность предыдущего образа жизни,…

promo self_made_man2 january 11, 22:33 92
Buy for 10 tokens
(обновлено 24.10.2018) Холодный звонок это специальная площадка. Вы должны чувствовать на этой площадке особое победное беспроигрышное состояние, на этой площадке все пронизано позитивом, победой, знаниями, силой, дружбой, свободой и направленностью на результат. ; Холодный звонок - это…
  • Post a new comment

    Error

    default userpic

    Your IP address will be recorded 

    When you submit the form an invisible reCAPTCHA check will be performed.
    You must follow the Privacy Policy and Google Terms of use.
  • 0 comments